Title: Gender in leadership
To what extent does gender affect leadership style?
This literature review aims to critically identify and analyze whether female and male leadership style differ in business. It has been claimed that men make better leaders than women because of the leadership style they implicate. To this affect perhaps women have not been given a fair chance to show their leadership skills. This review will interpret international articles and journals based on these issues . Leadership can be characteristics that some individual possesses. These characteristic traits enable those individuals to induce others to accomplish tasks (Northhouse et. Al., 2010). A successful leader has the ability to get the job done as quickly and as efficiently as possible. In addition a leader must be able to influence, encourage and motivate subordinates to ensure maximum output and ultimately achieve success. Without the use of affective leadership a company vision can be distorted. Under the watch of poor leaders, staff moral declines and this can be directly linked to low productivity.
re males and females seen differently with respect to their leadership style? There is a considerable variety of assumptions regarding the influences of leadership style as far as gender is concerned. Which closely links to my proposed question, are males and females seen differently with respect to leadership style. Previous literatures, especially within the past two decades suggest that men and women assume different leadership styles. Burns (1978) posited that leadership behaviour can be categorized as either transformational or transactional. A study by (Burke &Collins 2001) shows that female leaders advanced in their career by following an interactive style that is appropriate for them. This leadership style called transformational leadership is identified as favourable amongst women. Women leaders naturally seek more interaction with subordinates, talking things out and finding a solution. The transformational leadership approach fit’s the needs of today’s work group who want to be inspired and empowered to succeed in times of uncertainty. The term transformational implies that this style is concerned with changing and transforming people. Also, women show more enthusiasm concerning future goals of employees and take the goals of their co-workers more into consideration. In comparison men tend to be more transactional in their interactions. (Lussier et. Al.,2010). This indicates that male leaders tend to focus more on issues and concerns, wait until problems get severe before getting involved, subsequently males tend to be more confrontational and involved at critical periods. Men relate success with hard work, taking risks and learning by mistakes. (Gurian et. Al.,2008) The result which illustrate that women score higher on transformational leadership than men and as a component of transactional leadership was recently demonstrated in a meta-analysis by Eagly et al. (2003)
Difference between Transactional and Transformational Leaders Transactional leadership
·Leaders are receptive
·Works with the organizational culture
· Leaders make subordinates achieve company’s objectives through schemes and discipline ·Motivates employees by appealing to their own self-interest Transformational Leadership
·Leader is proactive
·Work to enrich the organizational culture by implementing new ideas ·Leaders motivate and encourages employees to achieve company’s objectives by higher moral values ·support employees to exceed their own interest for the group objectives
The transactional leaders tend to be highly directive and action oriented and their relationship with staff tends to be short-lived and not based on emotional bonds. However the downside is that these leaders overemphasize short-term goals, by not understanding...