February 3, 2013
To understand gender identity you first need to know what gender identity is and what factors are involved in gender identity. “Gender identity is one’s belief that one is a male or female.” (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2011, p. ). Since we know what gender identity is, we need to have an understanding of what factors determine gender identity. The factors that play a role in gender identity are genetic factors, environmental situations, psychosocial factors, as well as sexual hormones. The genetic factors have to do with the moment the child is conceived and the 23 male chromosomes and the 23 female chromosomes join together and create a zygote. At six weeks into the pregnancy our bodies already know what gender we will be and at seven weeks genetic code starts to show itself. When you are talking about the environmental situations in gender identity you are talking about the role that society plays on what is acceptable. Society in a whole divides male and female by their gender attributes. The psychosocial factors of gender identity have to do with peer relationships as well as the parental relationships. The Sexual hormones have to do with the hormones in our bodies and their makeup.
Masculine traits are being independent, being intelligent and competent of the world around you, the ability to be rational, assertive, analytical, and brave in situations as needed. Other traits that are considered masculine are strong, ambitious, active, competitive, insensitive, sexually aggressive, and attractive because of achievement. Whereas feminine traits are to be submissive, dependent, unintelligent and incapable, emotional, receptive, intuitive, weak, timid, content, passive, cooperative, sensitive, sex object, and attractive because of physical appearance.
Concerning my gender identity I feel that being born female played a big part in my gender...
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