Gender Discrimination in the Workplace

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GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORKPLACE

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INTRODUCTION

Women are one of the most groups being discriminated against today. They try very hard to fit in and be successful in their careers. Discrimination against women is found in many workplaces. Some managers try to fix this problem, but others just ignore it. Companies that pretend that gender discrimination doesn’t exist are usually the ones that get sued for it more often. Other companies try to avoid law suits by dealing with gender discrimination and resolving conflicts before it gets to the law suits. Promotion and pay gap are the main concerns in gender discrimination. Many studies in the past and present have shown that women do not get promoted as fast as men and do not get the equal pay for the same kind of jobs as men. Many women feel as if they have been cheated, robbed of what they deserve. Glass ceiling prevents women from moving up in their careers, and in some cases makes it almost impossible to get a promotion. In my opinion, female workers in the U.S. should be treated equally at work as their male coworkers. Women should be paid the same wages for the same skills they have and jobs they do as men are being paid. If a woman is capable of doing the work and has the right skills and education, she should be hired just like a man would be.

VIEWPOINTS

Equal Pay

Several laws have been passed since the Civil Rights Act of 1964 against gender discrimination, but discrimination continues. According to the Equal Pay Act of 1963 the employer is required to pay equal wages within the establishment to men and women doing equal work on jobs requiring equal skills, effort, and responsibility, which are performed under similar working conditions. If the person believes that he or she has not received equal pay as someone else doing the same work, than that person may file with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and collect back wages. The jobs generally occupied by men have significant pay advantages over the jobs that are occupied by women (Tischler, 2004:52). Also, female-dominated jobs are more likely to involve cleaning other people’s dirt and exposure to loud noise. In cases involving extra cleaning women don’t receive the right compensation for services. Many studies have shown that women hold only 1/3 of all corporate positions and 5% of all top positions, and the salaries of women are about 25% less than men salaries (Tischler, 2004:52). FIGURE 1

Women vs. Men

Lawsuits
Gender discrimination can be very costly to many companies. The most resent law suits were brought against Wal-Mart and Morgan Stanley. In the law suit against Morgan Stanley the company was charged with promoting women more slowly and less often then men, and paying them less (DeBaise & Kelly, 2004:C1). The suit that was brought against Wal-Mart had several different issues. The suit alleges that Wal-Mart pays women less than men for performing the same job, passes over women to promote less-qualified men and retaliates against women who complain (Horowitz, Romney, & Slater, 2004:B1). “Wal-Mart engages in discriminatory practices in compensation and promotion that affect all plaintiffs in a common manner” (Horowitz, et al., 2004:B1). Also Wal-Mart pays its employees less than many other similar retail outlets as well as grocery stores (Horowitz, et al., 2004:B1). Many female employees expressed that Wal-Mart routinely pressured hourly employees not to report all their time worked; failed to keep true time records, sometimes shaving hours from employee logs; failed to give employees full rest or meal breaks; threatened to fire or demote employees who would not work off the clock; required workers to attend unpaid meetings and computer training (Holt, 2004:E1). The class action suit was brought by current and former female workers of Boeing. Women claimed that they earned less than men doing the same job and were denied...
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