Gender Discrimination

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By definition, gender discrimination is treating individuals differently specifically because an individual is a woman or a man. Gender discrimination occurs in four main areas: employment, education. However, the Equal Pay Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 have helped in the continued decrease in the number of occurrences of this type of discrimination. First, this report will discuss the three different acts, and then will discuss the two main areas in which gender discrimination occurs.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 requires that men and women be given equal pay for equal work in the same establishment. The jobs don’t have to be identical, but they must be substantially equal. In comparison, Title VII also prohibits compensation discrimination on the basis of sex; however, Title VII does not require that the claimant’s job be substantially equal to that of a higher paid person of the opposite sex or require the claimant to work in the same establishment. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is parallel to the Equal Pay Act and Title VII in that it protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities which receive federal assistance. Title IX includes: admissions, recruiting, housing, grading, recreation, etc. These three acts have become the basis of many discrimination law suits.

The first, and most prominent, of the four main areas where gender discrimination occurs is employment. New statistics from International Labor Office show that, despite growing numbers of woman in employment, they still fail to reach senior positions in organizations. Even though women are entering the global labor force in record numbers, they still face higher unemployment rates and lower wages than men. Many believe that this rate is due to stereotyping. Some employers automatically assume that the majority of women want to be a mother more...
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