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Gender Differences in Canada

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Gender Differences in Canada

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  • August 2, 2013
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Canada: Gender Differences

Canada has received great ratings when it comes to areas of health and education for women. However, there still seems to be a major gap in politics and income equality as men. In the 2012 Global Gender Gap report, Canada was one of the 12% of countries that fell backwards in gender inequality. (Black, 2012) Even though the overall economic status of women in improving, some markers seem to be stagnant, or even declining. Some of these are high school enrollment for girls was 4% lower than enrollment for boys. Meanwhile, women’s labor force participation has been stagnant for four years. Also, wage equality has declined by 3% since 2010 and the number of women in ministerial positions has declined. (Black, 2012)

Women are still hugely under-represented at upper levels in the workplace. The report measures each equality indicator on a scale of 0 (no equality) to 1 (full equality). Women’s representation amongst legislators, senior officials, and managers has been stuck at 0.56 for the past three years. This means that for young women entering the workplace, they will have fewer female role models in management or other top-tier positions. Also, when women are misrepresented in management, they will not be equally taken into account when it comes to company policies. Inevitably creating a glass ceiling for women.

It is a bit ironic that this is the situation when even the Conference Board of Canada says "organizations with a higher proportion of women in executive positions exhibit stronger financial performance." (The Huffington Post Canada, 2013) The Conference Board of Canada did an extensive study of about 900 surveys of men and women and 30 interviews with women leaders. The Conference Board points to measures such as making women’s advancement a formal governance and performance priority for boards, proactive mentoring of potential leaders and establishing more family-friendly policies and practices that encourage all...