SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE
DEPARTMENT OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING
the IMPACT OF GENDER BALANCE ON JOB SATISFACTION AND PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES on road projects: a comparative study of rural and urban projects.
OTWANI JUSTUS AUFRIDUS
REG NO: PG/MA/020/2011
A research proposal submitted to the School of Graduate Studies in Partial fulfillment for the award of Master of Arts Degree in Project Planning and Management.
I declare that this project proposal is my original work and to the best of my knowledge it has not been presented to any university for any mark therefore it remains my original work.
Student name: Justus Aufridus Otwani
Presented with the approval of:
Supervisor’s name: Jenifer Otieno
In spite of multiple national and global efforts to promote gender equality and create an enabling environment for the increased participation of women in historically male dominated professions; gender imbalance particularly in non-agricultural wage employment persists. Although women represent 50.3% of the Kenyan population they only constitute 30% of the overall wage employment. This problem is more evident in the construction industry in general and the road sector in particular. Women constitute 7% of the overall wage employment in the building and construction industry. On the Nyamasaria – Kericho road project, which boasts a much higher percentage of female employees than most road projects so far undertaken in Kenya, women constitute an average of 11 % of the total work force.
The main objective of this research proposal is to establish the effects of gender balance on job satisfaction and performance of employees on the Nyamasaria - Kericho road construction project. The specific objectives are to establish the gender balance on the project, examine its effects on performance of employees and to assess whether it affects job satisfaction of the employees. Enhancing gender balance is critical for any country’s development. Making infrastructure development gender responsive is one of the key elements for accelerating poverty reduction efforts and economic growth. The United Nations General Assembly reaffirmed gender equality and women’s empowerment as development goals in themselves (MDG3) and underlined their importance as a means to achieve all of the other MDGs. In the words of Kofi Annan; “It is impossible to realize our goals while discriminating against half the human race”. The new constitution of Kenya enshrines gender parity stipulating under chapter four, clause 27(3), that women and men have the right to equal treatment, including the right to equal opportunities in political, economic, cultural and social spheres. It is envisaged that the findings of this study will inform policy formulation and the development of requisite legislative framework aimed at creating an enabling environment to increase the participation of women in the road sector as well as other traditionally male dominated professions. A case study approach has been adopted in order to get a detailed insight into the issues underlying the prevailing gender imbalance and their impact on performance and job satisfaction of employees. The study will be cross sectional, combining both qualitative and quantitative methods and data collection tools. Stratified random sampling will be used to select respondents for questionnaire administration. Primary data collection will involve administering structured questionnaires to respondents, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Secondary data will be obtained from reviews of project reports and other relevant literature. Qualitative data will be analysed...
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