Gender and David A. Cotter

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Gender Inequality

Can women stop gender inequality in the workplaces?
A Review of the Literature

Siddiqov Asilbek Dilshod ugli
Group 107
CG 1005569
Gerson Lapid Junior

Gender Inequality 1
Can women stop gender inequality in the workplaces?
A Review of the Literature
The study has proposed a link between little payment and the limited number of females on top positions in the workplaces. The findings focus on gender inequality in the workplace and preventing women from obtaining high position and a great deal of money. In spite of big changes over recent decades, workplace gender inequalities continue in every country around the world. The transformation of men’s and women’s work roles stands out among the many economic, social and political changes in the last half of the twentieth century. In 1950, 29% women worked outside the home, but in 2000 nearly three quarters of women worked outside. And their salary also increased sufficient. For instance, in 1963 women earned 59 cents for every dollar earned by men. Today women earn 74 cents for every dollar earned by men (David A. Cotter. Joan M. Hermsen. Reeve Vanneman. 2004). Gender inequality in the workplace impacts women in a different ways. Women are paid lower pay for the same job with equal qualifications. They are often passed up for promotion, or do not get hired over men. Women are also faced to sexual harassment. My literature review answers the following questions which indicate the sex discrimination at works: 1. What are causes of gender inequality in the workplace?

2. Why is there difference of wages between males and females? 3. How can women can navigate sex segregation and what ways can solve gender inequality? First of all, I want to start with gender equality that is the purpose of the equality of the sexes. Gender equality is also related to human rights, especially women's rights. So gender inequality in the workplace refers to the income disparity between the wages of men and women around the world. This term primarily describes discrimination against women. This literature review documents the history and current status of women in the workplace and provides recommendations for improvements in the workplace. History shows that women have not always been defined as property and thought of as second class citizens. What are causes of gender inequality in the workplace? There are several causes of sex inequity at work. One of them is “glass ceilings”. Wall Street Journal reporters described this phrase like the invisible wall that obstacles women from the top jobs and receiving promotions. These barriers exist in spite of the achievements or qualifications of the women. The inequality effects of the glass ceiling are more common within higher-powered or higher income occupations, with fewer women holding these types of occupations. The glass ceiling effect also indicates the limited chances of women for income raises and promotion or advancement to more prestigious positions or jobs (David J. Maume. 2003). The next one is being more abilities in males than females. According to statistics men has higher education, knowledge, power, speed than women. So that, during the hiring process when men are hired rather than women with equal skills and experiences. It can be seen in employment benefits such as the number of vacation or training a male or female worker receives. And women are more emotional and not strict. In this case, women tend to make mistakes. It is proved in science. Thus, many supervisors are afraid of putting women on top positions. Moreover, they know that women have their family. If she has children she of course thinks about Gender Inequality 2

them. The family may bother their career.
So bosses also believe the place of women is at home. They prefer choosing men to women. The family may bother their career. I think that women need to take the first...
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