Topics: Sociology, Education, Social class Pages: 8 (2541 words) Published: May 14, 2013
Coursework Header Sheet 199334-64 | |

Course | SOCI1073: Education & Social Formation 6 | Course School/Level | HU/UG | Coursework | ESSAY 1 | Assessment Weight | 40.00% | Tutor | L Owusu-Kwarteng | Submission Deadline | 24/01/2013 |

Coursework is receipted on the understanding that it is the student's own work and that it has not, in whole or part, been presented elsewhere for assessment. Where material has been used from other sources it has been properly acknowledged in accordance with the University's Regulations regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. |

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How far does the education system increase cultural capital amongst its students?

This essay will analyse and examine the role of educational system in increasing the cultural capital of an individual. Investigating the various forms of cultural capital and placing them into comparison with education, portraying the potential elements that can be improved by schools. At last I will discuss social and class inequalities in education, outlining the main causes and effects in the improvement of cultural capital. This essay will first examine the role of schools in improving the habitus of a student. It will attempt to demonstrate that habitus is socially created and that schools encourage self esteem of an individual by introducing a variety of languages. To counter argue this argument, I will consider the educational management of higher class in schools affecting the low expectancy of the working class students, including an example of a French school biased curriculum. This essay will secondly address the approach that the education system has in regards to the various culutral capital aspects ( embodied, objectified and institutionalized state). I will attempt to demonstrate this by addressing the influence of middle class children acquired dominant cultural capital in homes in contrast to the non acquired cultural capital by the working class individuals have in achieving credentials. This essay will thirdly argue the lack of ineffiency in teaching due to a social and intellectual inequality present in education. I will evaluate this by attempting to demonstrate that the elite has the objective of maintaing a status quo, otherwise social inequalities arise. Having established that Bourdieu criticises education in saying that the system is class arbitrary, I will critically analyse his overview by focusing on his unclear distinction between the higher class prevailing on the lower class. In this essay, Bourdieu will be analysed and criticised. He was strongly influenced by the ideas of Marx,Weber and Durkheim; focused his theories on the idea of social stratification that resulted from social reproduction, more specific into schooling education.

The purpose of this essay is to analyse and examine methodically to what extent the education system motivates the development of cultural capital amongst students. Emphasizing on the academic tools that schools have in building a concise cultural background to the individuals. At the same time, I will illustrate external factors, such as family and class influence on the young student.

According to Bourdieu, the development of habitus for an individual in schools is fundamental in achieving a well developed cultural capital. Stating that habitus is socially created, characterized by a mix of the individual's free will and social structures (higher education) (Robbins, 1999). Schools act as social conditionings, helping the individual in reconstructing and modyfing their own habitus and habituate towards society (Bourdieu, 1993). By...
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