Lab 4 – The Cell Answer Key
Draw a picture of a single Elodea cell and label all visible structures.
See the diagram in your lab manual. Without staining, the only structures that should have been clearly visible should have been the cell walls and the green chloroplasts.
Is this cell prokaryotic or eukaryotic? ______Eukaryotic_______________________
What evidence do you have to support this claim?
The presence of organelles (chloroplasts) and its large size.
Does this cell have a plasma membrane, a cell wall, or both? ________Both_______________
How does this cell obtain the glucose it needs to make ATP?
What are the green organelles that are present in Elodea cells? ____Chloroplasts_________
Observe some of the cells for a minute or two and describe any motion that you observe within the cytoplasm.
You should have been able to see cytoplasmic streaming (the movement of chloroplasts and other organelles within the cell.
What cellular structure(s) are more visible after staining?
The cell walls and the nucleus.
Onions are plants and yet onion bulb cells do not have chloroplasts. Why?
The bulb of an onion (the part we eat) grows underground and thus, is not exposed to sunlight. Photosynthesis requires the presence of sunlight, so chloroplasts are useless.
What is a plastid?
Organelles where food is made and stored.
Why are potato amyloplasts dark purple after staining with iodine?
Amyloplasts are used to store starch and iodine turns purple when it binds to starch molecules.
Why would a potato plant need to store away starch?
Like all living cells, potato tuber cells need to make ATP, a process that requires glucose. Since potato tuber cells are unable to make their own glucose via photosynthesis, they can break down starch into glucose when needed.
Draw a picture of a cheek cell in the space below. Label...
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