GNP Top 10 (2004) (currency exchange rate)
Country GNP ($ mill)
1 United States
4 United Kingdom
Gross National Product (GNP) is the total value of final goods and services produced in a year by domestically owned factors of production.
Final goods are goods that are ultimately consumed rather than used in the production of another good. For example, a car sold to a consumer is a final good; the components such as tires sold to the car manufacturer are not; they are intermediate goods used to make the final good. The same tires, if sold to a consumer, would be a final good. Only final goods are included when measuring national income. If intermediate goods were included too, this would lead to double counting; for example, the value of the tires would be counted once when they are sold to the car manufacturer, and again when the car is sold to the consumer.
Only newly produced goods are counted. Transactions in existing goods, such as second-hand cars, are not included, as these do not involve the production of new goods.
Income is counted as part of GNP according to who owns the factors of production rather than where the production takes place. For example, in the case of a German-owned car factory operating in the US, the profits from the factory would be counted as part of German GNP rather than US GNP because the capital used in production (the factory, machinery, etc.) is German owned. The wages of the American workers would be part of US GNP, while the wages of any German workers on the site would be part of German GNP.
Gross Domestic Product
GDP Top 10 (2004) (currency exchange rate)
Country GDP ($ mill)
1 United States 10,435,284
2 China 5,409,852
3 Japan 4,326,444
4 Germany 2,400,655
5 United Kingdom 1,794,858
6 France 1,747,973... [continues]
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