Gays Rights in Russia & U.S.A.
Gay rights have been a heavy topic for many decades. In 2013, gay rights have come to a head. More and more people are coming out as gay, bisexual, lesbian, transgender and transsexual; and they want the same rights as every heterosexual being. I believe that is fair. I would love to see gays, lesbians, bisexual and transsexual/transgender be treating like every other person in the world. It is not fair that they should get looked at or treated differently because of the gender that they use to be with. The gay community in Russia does not have the same rights as those in the United States. Though the United States may be a little bit more lenient rules towards the gay community than Russia, but they still do not have equal rights in either of the these two country as heterosexuals. For instance, gays in Russia may have to pay legal fees to be gay and underage. According to telegraph.co.uk, “The debate about gay rights in Russia intensified as the country’s parliament pushed ahead with a bill introducing fines of 4,000 roubles (£85) to 500,000 roubles (£10,700) for “promoting homosexuality among underage youth.”” In the United Sates, there is not a bill where you would have pay a fee because of your sexuality. Treatment of gays in Russia was not always like this, there was a time where it wasn’t so looked down upon. During medieval times, Russia was supposedly held no ill-will against homosexuality. There was proof that was homosexual tendencies in lives of the saints from Kievan Rus all the way to the 11th century. Homosexual acts were perceived as a sin by the Orthodox Church, but there were not any laws against them at the time, and even churchmen seemed worried by homosexuality only in the monasteries. Tourists to Muscovite Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries frequently express their surprise over the open show of men publicly being affectionate with other men of every social class. Sigismund von Heberstein, Adam Olearotius, Juraj Krizhanich, and George Turberville all wrote about the common occurrence of homosexuality in Russia in their books. Laws against homosexuality didn’t actually show up until around the 18th century, but it only applied to those who were soldiers in the military statutes. It wasn’t until about 1832 that the criminal code included article 995, which made men engaging in anal sex an criminal offense that could result in them being exiled to Siberia for at least 5 years, but even that usually only applied to those in the upper classes. A lot of intelligent man in the 19th century began to engage in bisexual behavior. According to The Encyclopedia of Homosexuality some of those intelligent men were the memoirist Philip, the explorer Nikolai Przhevalsky, the critic Konstantin Leontiev, and the composer Peter Tchaikovsky.
The turn of the century saw a reduction of the laws, and a related growth in open-mindedness and visibility. In 1903, Vladimir Nabokov published an article on the legal position on homosexuals in Russia. He argued that Russia should not be able to interfere with the private life of same sex couples. The years between 1905 and 1917 were years that paved the way for Russian homosexuals. Many important political persons had led very open gay lives, including a few members of the Imperial Court. Sergei Diaghilev and some of the members of the World of Art movement and the Russian ballet were also openly gay.
Many scholars did not agree when it came to the effect that the Bolshevik Revolution and homosexual rights. Some argue that the Soviets were at the forefront of humanity in decriminalizing gay sex; others argued that the Bolshevik harshness and dislike for sexuality of any kind is going to set the movement back. In fact, the October Revolution of 1917 did away with the entire Criminal Code, and the new Russian Criminal Codes of 1922 and 1926 got rid of the offence of male on male anal sex from the law. Sadly, decriminalization in the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document