Gateway of India (from Wikipedia)

Topics: Mumbai, Gateway of India, Taj Mahal Pages: 9 (2962 words) Published: January 15, 2013
Gateway of India - Wikipedia, the f ree ency clopedia

Gateway of India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 18.921836°N 72.834705°E

The Gateway of India is a monument built during the British Raj in Mumbay (formerly Bombay), India.[2] It is located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area, South Mumbai and overlooks the Arabian Sea.[3][4] The structure is a basalt arch, 26 metres (85 feet) high. It lies at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg at the water's edge in the harbor of Bombay.[5] It was a crude jetty used by the fishing community which was later renovated and used as a landing place for British governors and other prominent people. In earlier times, it would have been the first structure that visitors arriving by boat in Mumbai would have seen.[6][7] The Gateway has also been referred to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai,[8] and is the city's top tourist attraction.[9] The structure was erected to commemorate the landing of their Majesties King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder, when they visited India in 1911. Built in Indo-Saracenic style, the foundation stone for the Gateway of India was laid on 31 March 1911. The final design of George Wittet was sanctioned in 1914 and the construction of the monument was completed in 1924. The Gateway was later the ceremonial entrance to India for Viceroys and the new Governors of Bombay.[10] It served to allow entry and access to India.[11] The monument has faced three terror attacks from the beginning of the 21st century; twice in 2003 and it was also the disembarkation point in 2008 when four gunmen attacked the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower.

Gateway of India

The Gateway of India as seen from the harbour, 2003

Location within M umbai

1 History 2 Design and structure 3 Significance 4 Terror attacks 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Former names


General information Architectural style Location Coordinates Elevation Indo-Saracenic Mumbai, India 18.921836°N 72.834705°E 10 m (33 ft)

Construction started 31 March 1911 Completed Inaugurated 1924 4 December 1924 2.1 million (1911) 1/7

History _of _India



Gateway of India - Wikipedia, the f ree ency clopedia

The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit 26 m (85 ft) Height of King Technical details George V 15 metres (49 feet) and Queen Diameter Mary to Design and construction Mumbai, India Client prior to the Delhi Archaeological Survey of Owner Durbar, in India December The wrwitings on the Gateway of India 1911. which reads "Erected to commemorate the George Wittet Architect However, landing in India of their Imperial Majesties Gammon India[1] Architecture firm they only King George V and Queen Mary on the got to see Second of December MCMXI" Renovating team only a George Wittet Architect cardboard model of the structure since the construction did not begin till 1915.[12] The foundation stone was laid on 31 March 1911, by the governor of Bombay Sir George Sydenham Clarke, with the final design of George Wittet sanctioned on 31 March 1913. The gateway was built from yellow basalt and concrete.[13] Between 1915 and 1919, work proceeded on reclamation's at Apollo Bundar (Port) for the land on which the gateway and the new sea wall would be built. The foundations were completed in 1920, and construction was finished in 1924.[14] The gateway was opened on 4 December 1924, by the viceroy, the Earl of Reading.[6] The last British troops to leave India following the country's independence, the first Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry, passed through the gateway on their way out in a ceremony on 28 February 1948, signalling the end of its rule.[6][15]

Design and structure
The architect George Wittet combined the elements of the Roman triumphal arch and the 16th century architecture of Gujarat.[16] Its design is a combination of Hindu and Muslim architectural styles; the arch is of...
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