GARLAND CANAL PROJECT
Water appears to be abundant on the face of the earth, but in reality, it has come to mean scarce commodity.
River water disputes have become acrimonious from North to South and from East to West. We have Indus water Treaty with Pakistan, another with Bangladesh over Ganga water.
There have been disputes between Delhi and Haryana over Yamuna, Karnataka and Andhra over Krishna; Kerala and Karnataka over Mullaiperiyar. But what made the nation wake up was the dispute over cauvery waters.
It is in this context that, every part of the country has an equal claim to the national wealth that interlinking of rivers water was advocated.
The ‘Garland Canal Project’ pertains to transferring water from the country’s surplus areas, especially those in the North to the deficit areas in the rest of the country.
Our river system of Himalayan rivers, Peninsular rivers, coastal and Inland rivers will be interlinked under long term project for permanent solution to the recurring problem of drought.
The National Water Development Agency has completed pre-feasibility studies for 30 inter basin water transfer links (14 under Himalayan, 16 under Peninsular). All feasibility reports are to be completed by 2008.
Southern water Grid interlinking the Mahanadi, Godavri, Krishna, Cauvery, Periyar and Vaigai in Peninsular India to transfer surpluses to deficit area to benefit Orissa. Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Pondichery.
The Northern links, one linking Brahmaputra with Ganga, Subernarekha, Mahanadi to transfer surplus to benefit areas in Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa.
The other one is interlinking the Gardak, Ghagra, Sarda and Yamuna (tributaries of Ganga) to Rajasthan, Sabarmati for transferring surpluses of the Gandak and Ghagra to benefit areas in Uttar Pradesh, Uttranchal, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar and Jharkhand.
The estimated cost of National Grid is Rs...
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