Garcia V. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority

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The U.S. Supreme Court case 469 U.S. 528 (1985), Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, was first argued on Monday, March 19, 1984 and reargued on Monday, October 1, 1984. It was finally decided on Tuesday, February 19, 1985. The panel consisted of Chief Justice, Warren E. Burger and Associate Justices, William J. Brennan, Jr., Byron White, Thurgood Marshall, Harry Blackmun, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., William Rehnquist, John Paul Stevens, Sandra Day O'Connor. The majority vote of 5 to 4 came from Justices Brennan, White, Marshal, Blackmun, and Stevens. Chief Justice Burger along with Justices, Powell, Rehnquist, and O’Connor made up the minority vote in the case. Justice Blackmun wrote the majority opinion, and was joined by Justices Brennan, White, Marshall, Stevens. Justice Powell, joined by Burger, Rehnquist, O'Connor, wrote the dissent for the minority. Rehnquist and O’Connor wrote a dissent of their own. O’Connor was joined by Rehnquist and Powell. The case was first heard in The United States District Court for the Western District of Texas. It was then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court who sent it back to the district court. The case would once again be appealed to the Supreme Court where it would be decided. The issue before the Court was whether or not the minimum-wage and overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act applied to the SAMTA employees. The San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority argued that it was providing a traditional governmental function, which would exempt it from minimum wage and overtime requirements according to the doctrine of federalism established in National League of Cities v. Usery. Joe G. Garcia, an employee of San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, brought suit for overtime pay under Fair Labor Standards Act. The Court held in favor of Garcia because the guiding principles of federalism established in National League of Cities v. Usery were unworkable and that SAMTA was subject to Congressional...
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