Gap Between Education and Industry

Topics: Higher education, Education, Industry Pages: 6 (2152 words) Published: March 19, 2013
Educational Institutions:
Educational institution is a term used to describe institutions dedicated to education. It covers early educational institutions such as kindergarten and elementary school, going all the way to the higher education offered in colleges and universities. A high school is also an educational institution. Educational institutions can be divided into categories based on the age of their students. Early childhood education is us usually intended for kids younger than 7. This includes kindergarten and other forms of preschool institutions. Primary education includes the primary school or elementary school, as well as a middle school or, in some countries, gymnasium. Secondary education includes high school. Higher education includes undergraduate, master and doctoral studies in a university. Another commonly used term is Eligible Educational Institution. According to the IRS “an eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U.S. Department of Education. It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution.” Student aid programs can come in many shapes. For instance an individual that pays a fee or tuition for higher education can apply for a tax deduction. Scholarships are probably the most common form of student aid. Scholarships can come from many sources, including government structures, educational institutions, or private associations.

Education in Pakistan:
Education in Pakistan is overseen by the government's Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research. The article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”. The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate or HSC); and university programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees Industry:

Industry is the production of an economic good or service within an economy. Industry is often classified into three sectors: primary or extractive, secondary or manufacturing and tertiary or services. Some authors add quaternary (knowledge) or even fix (culture and research) sectors. Industries can be classified on the basis of raw materials, size and ownership and time. Raw Materials Industries may be agriculture based, Marine based, Mineral based, Forest based. Size: It refers to the amount of capital invested, number of people employed and the volume of production. Ownership: Industries can be classified into private sector, state owned or public sector, joint sector and co-operative sector. Industry in the sense of manufacturing became a key sector of production and labor in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution, which upset previous mercantile and feudal economies through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the steel and coal production. It is aided by technological advances, and has continued to develop into new types and sectors to this day. Industrial countries then assumed a capitalist economic policy. Railroads and steam-powered ships began speedily establishing links with...
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