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Gangsterism

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THE MAIN FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCES SECONDARY STUDENTS IN THE GANGSTERISM SOCIAL ACTIVITY Assoc. Prof.Dr Azizi bin Hj Yahaya Yusof Boon Rosnah Binti Hj Buang Faculty of Education University Technology Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Malaysia

Abstract The purpose of the study is to identify the main factor which influences secondary students in the gangsterism social activity focused in four states such as in Johore, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan and Selangor. In the research, 400 from 4 states were chosen. The data were collected using questionnaire which was adopted from Gangs Activities Perception Questionnaire (FAPQ) and Perceptions Toward Youth Gangs. The alpha cronbach for this instrument was 0.8432. Students reported that overall rate on the gangsterisme which is at moderate level of prevalence still remains at low level.

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Introduction

According to Utusan Malaysia (1998), the social phenomenon of gangsterisme has shown to increase the rate of vandalism, threatening and drug addicts among the teenagers. One third of 1560 secondary school in our country, Malaysia has high risk to being exposed with ‘underground society’ (Berita Harian, 1997). By this group of teenagers who break the norms are often being categorized as a deviant and delinquent. They are often involved in drug addicting, playing truants, raping, homosexual and lesbian. Surprisingly, the number of female students and primary school students are increasingly involved in gangsterisme nowadays. According to Thrasher (1963), at the earlier stage of teenagers, they have higher tendency to form a gang. In the earlier report in 1961, Thrasher also defined gang as a group with same characteristics such as, appearance, action, conflict and planning. As a result of evolution, this group of gang will eventually develop into a group of gangster who often carries out activities that is anti-social. On the other hand, Miller in 1980 defined a gang who carries out illegal acts. In addition, Klein & Maxson who...