Gandhi: His Life and Message for the World (1954)
A private citizen without health died on January 30, 1948. Mohandas K. Gandhi fell after being shot three times at the age of seventy-eight. Many people looked up to Gandhi. To pay respect, humanity followed by the UN lowered their flags to half-mast. Almost a million people waited near Jumna, not far from New Delhi, for the funeral to proceed. Not far from the river was a pyre built of stone, brick, and earth. Gandhi’s body will lie upon this pyre; having his head to the north, representing when a Buddha has ended his life.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India on October 2, 1869. His parents’ names were Karamchand and Putlibai. Gandhi’s father owned a home in Rajkot, Porbandar, and Kutiana. Karamchand wore a gold necklace, while one of his sons wore a solid-gold armlet. As Gandhi grew older, he became more social and played in the streets with his friends. At the age of twelve, Gandhi would steal from his family to secretly buy cigarettes. Him and a relative came close to suicide. However, courage saved them. At the age of 13, Gandhi married through his parents to Kasturbai who was also 13. They did not get along at first; they continuously would not talk for days. In 1985, Gandhi’s father passed away from a serious illness. He barely left them anything. Gandhi’s eldest brother saved him when he took Gandhi and his wife to Bombay where he will sail to England. In 1888, Gandhi and Kasturbai had their first child named Harilal. Shortly after the birth of his son, Gandhi sailed away to England for law school on September 4, 1888.
A dark hair Gandhi was photographed as soon as he landed in England. He is known for his big nose and large ears. The life in England was very foreign for Gandhi. He was later admitted to London University to study French, Latin, physics, and chemistry. On June 12, 1891, Gandhi sailed back to Bombay. He started to write a daily magazine called Young India. He mentions how his life did not start until after college. However, he left an impact during his two-year stay in England. On October 28, 1892 Gandhi’s third son was born, Manilal. When Gandhi returned to India he found out bad news. His mother had passed away. A firm in Porbandar offered to send Gandhi to South Africa for a lawyer. He was supposed to stay there for one year. Shortly after he arrived in South Africa, he experiences an impact that would last in his life forever. At Maritzburg, Gandhi is asked to leave his first class seat and to move to the baggage car. After he refused, the policemen removed Gandhi off the train. Not only did Gandhi stay in South Africa a year, but also he stayed there for 21 years. During the 21 years he became a successful lawyer and leader. He recognized that the whites in South Africa needed protection from the Negro’s and Indians. Just a year after Gandhi has been there a law passed for explicitly disfranchising Asiatic.
In 1896, Gandhi returns to India to bring his wife and two sons back to South Africa with him. Soon after Gandhi and his family arrive in India, comes a second boat filled with 800 Indians. Immediately the hostile crowd blames Gandhi. Eggs, bricks, and rocks were thrown at him. Gandhi was getting severely beaten until Mrs. Alexander came to the rescue. Two years later, Gandhi volunteers to help raise corps for the British side in the Boer War. Gandhi was earning five to six thousand pounds annually. With some of the money he bought a house on the beach in Durban. His third son, Ramdas was born in Africa in 1897. Then shortly after Ramdas came Devadas, who was born on May 22, 1900. An Indian community in South Africa gave gifts to Gandhi and his family starting in 1896. The gifts were used to help the Indians in South Africa by making a trust fund. On July 31, 1907 The Asiatic Registration Act passed. He was sentenced to prison for two months after the law passed. Him and other Indians were soon released after...
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