The Effects of a Nonviolent Approach
In the late 1800s people of Indian nationality confronted discrimination in all parts of South Africa, and someone affected by this was Mahatma Gandhi, known as the “great soul”. Gandhi was an activist and philosopher who used nonviolent resistance, he was the controlling figure who struggled along with all the Indian population to gain independence from Great Britain. Gandhi introduced passive resistance, a concept also known as “satyagraha,” which was a method to abstain from cooperating with authorities and that trained followers to allow themselves to be punished by the unjust government without using any violence to retaliate (Austin 332). The nonviolence movement created by Gandhi was known all over the world, his political and spiritual standing reached international recognition in the modern politics, he inspired many who were marginalized. His legacy came to the ears of a young, black student who studied in a theology college and was fighting for equality. The Civil rights movement, led by Martin Luther King Jr., could not have been passive or nonviolent but an outrage of bloodshed if it had not been by Gandhi and his philosophies.
One of the most famous passive resistance events by Gandhi was the salt march, in 1825 Britain abolished its own salt tax, nevertheless the tax still existed in India, where it was illegal to collect even natural deposits of salt. “On the morning of March 12, 1930, Gandhi and his followers decided to change the oppression of the British government. People started marching from the Sabarmati Ashram toward Dandi on the Arabian Sea, when they arrived to the seashore Gandhi grabbed a portion of salt, which was against the law. The act motivated a crime wave of illegal salt collection and thousands of arrests” (Mcgrath par. 3). The nonviolent act defied the law and for the first time the people suffered the punishment for committing a crime, no questions asked and no retaliation....
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