Gandhi’s Vision for India
Near the start of the twentieth century, India pursuit for national identity concentrates on achieving individualism from British rule. Indian nationalism put the British Empire’s grasp on India at risk. Because of the development of extensive railway system across India to make possible the export of natural resources brought about the conception of national unity by passing the people of the subcontinent in easy contact to each other. Furthermore, the British knew that small party of foreigners could not manage and regulate large country of India. Therefore, the British form elite of intellectual Indian bureaucrats to control the country. The European structure of education made acquainted the middle-class intelligent Indians with the traditional values of the European culture. Those values, nonetheless -democratic system, personal liberty, and equal opportunity- were the direct opposite of the empire, and the native Indians citizens encouraged nationalist movements. During the Great War, the Indian nationalist formed two organizations, the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League that opposed the British to bring self-rule to India in order to gain independence for India. As the war continues, goods and foods were scarce which led to social disgruntlement among British colonizers. The British government reacted to the rise of nationalist movement that came in the awaken of peace agreement with a sequence of oppressive actions that lead to an outbreak of violence and chaos throughout the Indian subcontinent. Into this chaos, came Mohandas Gandhi. He set off to South Africa to receive a position with an Indian organization, and from there he engaged in organizing Indian society against racial separation that singled out Indians as second class citizens. During his stay in South Africa, Gandhi utilized the moral philosophy of ahimsa, tolerance and nonviolence, and formed the practice of passive resistance that he named...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document