Galileo on Trial
Galileo was ordered by the Catholic Church to stand trial on the suspicion of heresy due to the book he wrote titled Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, in his book he expressed support on Copernicus theory that the earth revolves around the sun and not sun revolves around the earth. On October 1, 1632, the Inquisitor showed up at his house with a summons to go to the Holy Office in Rome within a month. He expressed much regret for involving himself with Copernicus theory. He declined urgings to escape to the Venetian territory and instead asked that proceedings against him be moved to Florence. His request was denied. The Pope insisted that he was to journey to Rome. Niccolini informed him that he would stand trial before ten cardinals. Difficult to say Niccolini was to break the news to him that his charges had been decided already; all he could do was submit. Four days after this he officially surrendered to the Holy Office and faced the Commissary-General of the Inquisition, and his assistants. The Commissary-General informed him that for the duration of the trial against him he would be imprisoned in the Inquisition. After putting him under oath, the Commissary deposed him concerning meetings he held with one of the Cardinal and some other church officials in 1616. He had trouble remembering who might have been present with the Cardinal in February seventeen years earlier, as well as exactly what restrictions had been placed upon him. The Commissary-General told him that he had been commanded to neither hold, defend, nor teach that the Copernican theory in any way. Galileo suggesting that he doesn’t remember...the clause in any way whatsoever but he still accepted most of what the Commissary said. After a long examination concerning the licensing of the Dialogue, Galileo signed his deposition. Three counselors to the Inquisition prepared a seven-page evaluation of the Dialogue. The report concluded that in the book...
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