The Impact of the Renaissance
on Research and Scientific Thought
Quite simply put, the Renaissance stimulated people to change the way they looked at the world around them. The way they questioned, observed, and gathered data all started emerging and a unique scientific way of thinking developed. They were allowed to think innovatively, question, observe scientifically, and develop new ideas. It was an explosive period of inventing, experimenting, and limitless imagination. Many feel the reason people began to think differently during this time and effect their approach to science had everything to do with rediscovering classical texts that had once been purposely hidden by the church. Additionally, with the recent invention of the printing press, these classical texts were more readily available and inexpensive for the common man to obtain. This innovation combined with a 15th century movement to uncover what had been only available to the eyes of the church led to great things. In the late 15th century, a humanist confidence in classical scholarship led to the search for ancient texts that would proliferate current scientific understanding. Among the workings rediscovered were Galen's physiological and anatomical studies and Ptolemy's Geography. Botany, zoology, alchemy, and astrology were all established during the Renaissance as a result of the study of these ancient texts. Existing scientific thinkers and Renaissance men such as: Leonardo da Vinci, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo, Tycho Brahe, and Johannes Kepler struggled to refine earlier thoughts they had on astronomy as a result of their new reading and understanding. Among Leonardo's new discoveries was the revelation that projectiles move in one curved trajectory rather than two; additionally, metallurgical techniques improved which permitted him to make infamous sculptures; and his anatomical observations were enhanced which also increased the accuracy of his drawings. Out of ancient texts, new texts...
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