Geochelone elephantopus, the scientific name for the Galapagos tortoise is currently endangered species, who inhabits the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean. They are the world’s largest land tortoise. There are two types of Galapagos Tortoises: the “domed- shelled” and the “saddled back”. Since sailors and whalers would capture the Galapagos tortoises and eat them or make a profit out of them, they became endangered.
The Galapagos Turtles became endangered when man started taking away their natural habitat. South American people during the nineteenth century would eat the tortoises’ eggs. Furthermore, they would capture them for food. The adult shells were wanted by whalers and merchants because they were more valuable. Their habitats were cleared for agriculture. This meant the farmers brought farm animals to graze the land, and they were a threat to the Galapagos tortoises. Not only were the foreign species a threat to the tortoises, but they ate the grass the Galapagos tortoises would eat. More than 100,000 Galapagos tortoises were estimated to be killed in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth century. The largest Galapagos tortoises ever recorded measured five feet long across its shell and weighed 550 pounds. The average Galapagos tortoise is generally four feet long and weighs about475 pounds. The Galapagos tortoises’ characteristics vary in the different environments they live in. The populations of the Galapagos tortoises that live on the hotter and the drier islands of the Galapagos have saddled- shape shell with a long neck; moreover, this helps them reach the vegetation above the ground. The Galapagos tortoises do have various predators, but the Galapagos hawk is their main threat. The hawk preys on newly born hatched tortoises and eggs. Since the Galapagos tortoise is a herbivore, it does not eat other animals. The Galapagos tortoises receive their nutrients from feeding off of cactus,...
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