A galactosaemia diet essentially eliminates galactose from the diet (Sharon R. R. & Kathryn P. & Ellie W., 2009). Plasma galactose-1-phosphate level should be kept below 3 to 4 mg/ 100 ml, while containing enough nutrients for normal body function (Judith F.K. & Lora B. & M.H. & Richard S., 2011). The diet allows most protein-containing foods other than milk and milk products. Fruits, vegetables, grains, breads, fats and sugars which do not consist of ingredients that contain galactose are acceptable. Some fruit and vegetables contain small amounts of bound galactose, which is not usable by the body and may not contribute to elevated blood galactose-1-phosphate. Alternative names for the galactosaemia diet will include low galactose diet and lactose or galactose-restricted diet (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012). Situations that warrant the diet
Galactosaemia is an inherited disorder characterized by an inability of the body to utilize galactose. Individuals with galactosaemia are deficient in one of the enzyme required to metabolize galactose, a sugar that is primarily found in milk products. Researchers have identified several types of galactosaemia. Classic galactosaemia, also known as type I or galactose-1 phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) deficiency, is the most common and most severe form of the condition. While, other forms include galactosemia type II, also called galactokinase deficiency and type III, otherwise known as galactose epimerase deficiency. (Chad Haldeman-Englert, 2009) Untreated galactosaemia will result in a harmful build-up of galactose and galactose-1-phosphate in the bloodstream and body tissues. An accumulation of galactose can cause damage in multiple tissues, such as the liver, kidneys, and brain. Females with galactosaemia are at increased risk for premature ovarian insufficiency and experience reproductive problems (Judith F.K. & Lora B. & M.H. & Richard S., 2011). Infants with...
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