Gaining Racial Equality in the 1960's

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Nearing the end of the 1940s the anger for equal civil rights began to boil. We were fortunate to have our country in the skilled hands of Harry Truman who had the honor of desegregating the US army. During his time as president African-Americans began to gain more rights, moving them toward freedom but they had a long way to go. Monumental strides toward equal rights for blacks were being made, such as the decision in the Brown v. Board of Education were made, and most of the African-Americans in our country rejoiced. These types of victories fueled their fight for civil rights. The support of this movement remained constant throughout the decade, but the goals of the movement reached further, and their approach became less compromising, and as the decade came to an end efforts gained aggression and peoples demands grew.

During the early stages of the fight (1955-1968) non-violence was the driving way to protest because of the strong religious influence on the movement at that time. It’s important to understand that several of the leaders in this movement were religious, how can you forget that Martin Luther King Jr. was a Reverend? One of the leading groups in the beginning of the movement was the SCLC, Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Both leaders and groups employed nonviolent tactics to achieve freedom, this was characteristic of the early stages of the civil rights fight. the morals supported by these leaders were justice, unity, and peace. That is what they were fighting for, and many protested with sit-ins and other forms of civil disobedience. For example, the Greensborough sit-ins or Rosa Parks refusal to give up her bus seat, or the Selma to Montgomery march.

The SNCC is a great example of the tactics used by civil rights leaders, as it embraced an attitude of nonviolence as a way to achieving what they were looking for. Both the blacks and the federal government accepted these peaceful forms of protest positively. However, the racists...
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