The Persian War was all about city-states of the west, the Asian minor revolted in 499b.c Athens aided the revolts that broke out. Darius (son) crushed the revolt of the Asian minor. The Battle of Marathon happened. Xerxes (grandson) was the army and the naval attack for them back in that time. He was in the battle of Thermopylae- 480b.c Sparta only had 300 men against the 6,000 Greek (Persians) the Persians military was a victory of Sparta. The importance of the Greek victories was they had the golden age, and were the leaders of unity. When Athens had leadership Sparta was always trying to dig at it, Athens built a United Nations of their time period. There were 140 city-states. All male citizens could hold office and office holders get a salary which enables poor citizens to take part. Most complete democracy ever, except slaves and women were not allowed to vote. The Peloponnesian War Sparta and Corinth welcome key commercial rivals to Athens. Spartans besiege city of Athens. Plague kills many Athenians Pericles the great ruler died Spartans win in 404B.C. Never again was Greek unity bonded like that again. After all this happened Greeks were never the same they didn’t think that Sparta was going to set a plague on Athens. After they just helped them try to win a war against the Peloponnesians. His contemporary historian, acclaimed him as "the first citizen of Athens". Pericles turned the Dalian League into an Athenian empire and led his countrymen during the first two years of the Peloponnesian War. The period during which he led Athens, roughly from 461 to 429 BC, is sometimes known as the "Age of Pericles", though the period thus denoted can include times as early as the Persian Wars, or as late as the next century.
Pericles promoted the arts and works; this was a main reason Athens holds the reputation of being the educational and cultural Centre of the ancient Greek world. He started a striving project that generated most of the surviving structures...
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