From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Arain | |Total population | |10,781,000 | |Regions with significant populations | |• [pic] Pakistan • [pic] India | |Languages | |• Punjabi • Seraiki • Sindhi • Urdu • English | |Religion | |• [pic] Islam | |Related ethnic groups | |• Malik • Mian •Miah • Ramays |
The Arain (Punjabi, Urdu: آرائین), are a Muslim agricultural caste settled mainly in the Punjab, with significant numbers also in Sindh. They are chiefly associated with farming, traditionally being landlords or zamindars.
| [hide] |
|1 Origin |
|2 Genetics |
|3 The Arain during the British Raj |
|4 Related communities in North India |
|5 Arain Migration |
|6 Notable Arains |
|7 See also |
|8 Bibliography |
|9 References |
In the Punjab Census Report (1911), Pandit Harikishan Kaul points out that members of the Arain tribe are “mostly Muhammadans,” (in theGlossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province, Denzil Ibbetson also refers to the Arains as, “Almost to a man Muhammadans”), and as a corollary, reference is also made to Hindu and Sikh sections of the tribe which make up 3% of Arains, with 97% Sunni Muslims.
Kaul also states that the term ‘Arain’ is, “derived probably from Rain or Rahin, equivalent to Rahak (tiller of soil).” This is consistent with the Arains traditionally being chiefly associated with market-gardening.
The census reports of 1883 and 1892 record their Hindu origins and kinship with the Kamboh and Saini caste groups.
|“ |Almost to a man Muhammadans and strongly inclined to orthodoxy the Arains came to be immigrants from Uch and have |” | | |some affinities with the Kambohs. On the other hand some of the Arain and Hindu Saini clan names are identical, and| | | |those not always merely names of other and dominant tribes. From Uch they migrated to Sirsa and thence into | | | |the Punjab. | |
|“ |In Sirsa the Sutlej Arains meet those of the Ghaggar. The two do not intermarry, but the Arains of the Ghaggar |” | | |valley say they were Rajputs living on the Panjnad near Multan who were ejected some four centuries ago by Sayad | | | |Jalal-ul-din of Uch. They claim some sort of connection with Jaisalmer. | |
|“ |The Sutlej Arains in Sirsa say they are, like the Arains of Lahore and Montgomery, connected by orign with |” | | |the HinduKambohs. Mr Wilson thinks it probable that both classes are really Kambohs who have become | | | |Musalmans. However, other British writers discounted this viewpoint since many Kambohs are also | | | |Muslims. Lt....