Criminology in the Future
Imagine how rapid technology has advanced in the last years. Technology has allowed the United States to positive changes in the advancements of crime fighting. Technology has also made it possible to communicate with other countries, aide in other nation’s tragedies, predict patterns, and even help fight crimes unknown. However, as technology hits the spotlight for improving communication and crime fighting, there is always a downside. Technology can also be used in a negative manner. As technology improves the advancement of crimes also improves. Technology can also divide countries, when used to bring countries together. This paper will show positive breakthroughs of crime fighting while highlighting the negatives.
Future of Crime Fighting
The future direction of crime fighting can be seen today. It has evolved as quickly as the social networking phenomenon that exists without any limitations. Cybercrime is prevalent throughout American culture. This type of crime is popular because a criminal can dissect every element of one’s life. A clever criminal can have instant access to personal data, such as social security numbers, credit card numbers, and pin numbers. Cybercrimes are an evolved form of identity theft, which rapidly spread throughout the world. Prior to Internet access, identity theft was possible simply by rummaging through trash bins or stealing mail. Cybercrime permits a quick gain with less chance of discovery. Computer hackers can enter prohibited areas on the Internet and gain access to private files, leading to large financial gains. Phishing has become a popular method for cyber-thieves. Phishing exists when people begin thinking that they are providing their information to a legitimate business, only to discover that the data they provided directed into the possession of thieves. A prime example of this occurred in February 2005. According to The National Crime Prevention Council (2011), “An information broker, Choicepoint Inc., announced that an identity thief had hacked into their database and gained access to hundreds of thousands of documents. Some stolen information included full names, social security numbers, home addresses and credit reports.” A key component of fighting these high-tech crimes is awareness. One must be aware that the Internet is a powerful instrument and is used in many unscrupulous ways. Police agents currently devote an entire unit toward dealing with cybercrime. Private Citizens must also be proactive when dealing with their identity. For example, be aware of illegitimate companies, which wait for someone to provide his or her personal information. It is always a good idea to install security on computers that scan for hackers and other odd activity. Most important, be cautious when providing personal information to anyone on the Internet. The world we live in evolved to the point that we cannot assume an individual is trustworthy. That may be a sad reality, but taken very seriously. Cyber-criminals and their actions will certainly create social policy implications. For example, crime fighting may soon resemble that of a movie production. Crimes altogether become more technologically advanced, while cyber-crimes begin to resemble crimes from a sci-fi atmosphere. “A team of researchers from Santa Clara University are developing predictive policing software.” (Reyes, 2011) Essentially, the high-tech software design is used to stop crime before it occurs. The high-tech software allows advancement and the upper hand on the criminal. The software also allows law enforcement to pinpoint a precise area where speculated crimes may occur. The crime is isolated or completely stopped before the damage begins. The software updates daily and provides current data, allowing police forces to position themselves before any illegal activity begins. This may sound like an innovative tool that...
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