Fungal diseases of Chlorophytum borivilanum. Baker (SAFED MUSLI) A.B Joshi And B. M. Kareppa
Correspondence to Dr. B.M.Kareppa Dept. of Botany and Biotechnology, D.S.M.College Parbhani-431401, M.S.,INDIA. Abstract:
Safed musli (Chlorophytum borivilanum) is an important medicinal plant of family Liliaceae. Dry roots are known as safed musli which contain a drug. It is used against diuretic, nutritive, urinary tract infection, general debility, impotency etc. It is considered as wonder drug in Indian systems of medicines due to its aphrodisiac and natural sex tonic properties. It is also used to cure weakness and male sterility. It is a supplementary therapy for blood purification, nervous disorders and some gynecological problems. Such commercially important plant is infected by fungal diseases viz. responsible for decrease in yield; hence survey of fungal diseases was undertaken, which illustrates the different diseases of Safed musli. Keywords: Safed musli, Chlorophytum borivilanum, roots, fungal diseases. Introduction: Chlorophytum borivilanum (safed musli) is an important medicinal plant growing in forests of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. It is a rhizomatous herb (Singh and Chauhan, 2003). Leaves are sub erect and lanceolate. Flowers are star like. The roots are fleshy in bunches and measures upto 7-12 cm. in length. It is 3-4 months crop. It is cultivated in June-July. A well developed plant bears an average 2-5 inflorensce. Each inflorensce contains 20-25 flowers. Seeds have a dormancy period of about 10 months and very low germination due to which cultivation is mostly carried out by tubers (Oudhia, 2000). Materials and methods:
The infected leaves were collected from fields of Parbhani and Nanded districts in Marathwada region. Disease severity index was calculated by using 5-point scale as given by Mayee and et al. (1971) Isolation and purification: The isolation and purification was carried as per methods given by (Aneja, 1993)....
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