Fundamental Rights in India and Directive Principles

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 158
  • Published : March 15, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties

MODULE - 2
Aspects of the
Constitution of India

7
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF
STATE POLICY AND
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

Notes

The Constitution of India aims to establish not only political democracy but also socioeconomic justice to the people to establish a welfare state. With this purpose in mind, our Constitution lays down desirable principle and guidelines in Part IV. These provisions are known as the Directive Principle of State Policy. In this lesson we will study about Directive Principles in detail.

It is a well-established saying that rights have significance only when enjoyed in consonance with the duties. Therefore, the Fundamental Duties were inserted in Article 51A of our Constitution in 1976 by 42nd Amendment Act. In the original Constitution in 1950, there was no mention of these duties. It was expected that the citizens would fulfil their duties willingly. We will also learn about these duties in this lesson.

Objectives
After studying this lesson, you will be able to
understand the meaning of Directive Principles of State Policy. classify the Directive Principles into four groups i.e. economic and social, Gandhian, administrative and those related to international peace.

recognize the role of Directive Principles in promotion of universalisation of education, abolition of child labour and improving the status of women. explain the Directive Principles which provide the framework of welfare state to be realised in practice in India .

describe that the Directive Principles aim at the establishment of economic and social democracy.

69

MODULE - 2

Political Science

Aspects of the
Constitution of India

explain the role of government at different levels in implementing these principles. distinguish between Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy. appreciate the content of Fundamental Duties.

identify the Fundamental Duties given in the Constitution.
appreciate the importance of Fundamental Duties despite their being non-justiciable.

Notes

7.1 Meaning of Directive Principles of State Policy
Directive Principles of State Policy are in the form of instructions/guidelines to the governments at the center as well as states. Though these principles are non-justiciable, they are fundamental in the governance of the country. The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy has been taken from the Irish Republic. They were incorporated in our Constitution in order to provide economic justice and to avoid concentration of wealth in the hands of a few people. Therefore, no government can afford to ignore them. They are infact, the directives to the future governments to incorporate them in the decisions and policies to be formulated by them.

7.2 Classification Of The Directive Principles
Directive Principles of State Policy have been grouped into four categories. These are: (1) the economic and social principles, (2) the Gandhian principles, (3) Principles and Policies relating to international peace and security and (4) miscellaneous.

7.2.1 The economic and social Principles
The state shall endeavour to achieve Social and Economic welfare of the people by: (1)
(2)

reorganizing the economic system in a way to avoid concentration of wealth in few hands.

(3)

securing equal pay for equal work for both men and women.

(4)

securing suitable employment and healthy working conditions for men, women and children.

(5)

guarding the children against exploitation and moral degradation.

(6)

making effective provisions for securing the right to work, education and public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement.

(7)

making provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

(8)

taking steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings etc.

(9)

70

providing adequate means...
tracking img