Fundamental Concept of Educational Planning

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LESSON 1: Fundamental Concepts of Educational Planning
1.Why is there a need for educational planning?
Educational Planning can be basis for evaluating/assessing performance of the educational system. It affects equity in the distribution and utilization of resources. Educational planning is an instrument for quality improvement. Through educational planning, a country can indicate the needed change, reform and innovation, and to maximize the use of limited resources. It brings about a well-balanced educational system and correlate education effort with national policy. It improves the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of educational services.

There is a need for educational planning it is the instrument for providing needed coordination and direction of the different components of an educational system. It also answer that widely accepted long term goals such as universal primary education are approach objectively. It provides a realistic appraisal of the country’s resources which is important factor in the successful implementation of the plan

2.As a planner/administrator, how do you understand the term “educational development”? Suggest other facets of educational development.
Educational development as a planner or administrators means expanding the facilities to match numbers with needs of the clientele; diversifying teaching – learning situations as well as their content to suit the varying demands of society; promoting lifelong learning through the provisions of education for all in-school and out-of-school youths and adults; and establishing an effective “challenge response” relationship between economic and social development, on one side and education on the other.

3.What do you think are necessary to bring about a feasible and workable educational development plan in your region/division/district/institution?
An educational development plan claims to be designed to meet the unique educational needs of the learner. In all cases the educational development plan must be tailored to the individual student's needs by the evaluation process, and must especially help teachers and related service providers understand the student's learning process.

4.In your own area, what do you think is the ideal approach to be used as basis of your planning activity? Why?

LESSON 2: Foundation of Educational Planning
1.As an educational planner, why is there a need for basic knowledge and understanding of society?
Having a basic knowledge and understanding of the society is considered to be essential because the planner should understand the impact of educational planning to the society. Plans may be very accurately drawn up but these may fail unless the necessary attitudes are acquired by the people to be trained.

2.Present a situation showing the impact of planning on society.
Education planned for a free and compulsory education is the first level. Everybody within this age-group and level must be in school regardless of wether the parents would like them to remain at home to help in the household chore or help in augmenting family income. Although elementary education is compulsory, full implementation cannot be achieved because of limited resources.

Educational planners bear a responsibility to ensure that the society eventually eccepts the change and gradually adjusts itself to the consequences of that change.

3.What are the principal cost elements of education?
The principal cost elements of education the policy makers has to take up into consideration may be distinguished in three categories: investment in capital for example is the school building, Current cost for example the teacher’s salaries, the books and chalks, and the indirect cost. The latter could perhaps be explained in this example, generally when people are in school they do not participate in production. At this period, the country sacrifices what these people could have produced if they have been working...
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