Management can be defined in several ways. A general definition would be that management is the process of coordinating work activities, working with human, financial, and physical resources, so that they are completed efficiently and effectively to achieve organizational objectives (Robbins et al, 2006 p.9).
Webster's New World College Dictionary (2001) defines the term function' as "the normal or characteristic action of anything; especially, any of the natural, specialized actions of a system ". There are four general functions of management. They include planning, organizing, leading or motivating, and controlling. All four functions are immensely important and no one function is better than the other. These four functions must be coordinated to have management operate as a whole.
Planning encompasses looking forward and developing things in advance. Planning involves deciding what needs to take place in the future and creating plans for action in initiating the process of achieving organizational goals. It is up to the management to be able to make the plan and have firm decisions. Sometimes, it is difficult to plan, but it provides and important focus for any business. Plans vary... [continues]
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