Outline post-modernist views of the role of education. (8+4) Post Modernists argue that education needs to be more diverse & flexible to meet ever-changing individual and community needs. Hence they emphasise ‘personalised’ education rather than a ‘one size fits all’ approach.
Education needs to develop self-motivation, creativity and transferable skills to increase ‘flexible specialisation’.
It needs to emphasise ‘life-long learning’ to allow individuals to up-grade skills in response to the changing needs of the economy.
E.g Usher (’97) & Thompson (’92) reject Bowles & Gintis’ ‘Correspondence Theory’, arguing that the diversity of the post-modern education system, responsive to the different needs of individuals and groups, actually empowers rather than oppresses.
However this approach may be seen to overemphasise diversity – what about the ‘national curriculum’ and increasing direction from central government? It also ignores the extent of inequalities – not everyone has the same choices. Assess Marxist views of the role of education (8+12)
Opening Paragraph: Brief description of general Marxist view of education...