Adult nurses provide care to, and support the recovery of, patients suffering from acute and long-term illnesses and diseases or those requiring surgery. They focus on the needs of the patient rather than the illness or condition. They also promote good health and wellbeing through education. Nurses plan and carry out care within a multidisciplinary team but are the main point of contact for patients. Adult nurses work mainly in hospitals and the community, attached to a health centre or general practice and in residential homes, specialist units, schools and hospices. Many nurses work with patients in their own homes. Typical work activities
Gaining the trust and confidence of each patient is an important role for nurses, as they have more continuity of patient care than other members of the medical team. Patients may have chronic conditions, such as diabetes or heart/kidney problems, or serious acute conditions, such as heart failure, stroke, hepatitis or burns. They may be in hospital for surgery, admitted to accident and emergency with injuries, attending an outpatient clinic or undergoing tests and assessments. Patient care is currently becoming more community- based, so there are increasing opportunities to work in the community. The aim is to avoid hospital admissions whenever possible by giving preventative treatment, and also to meet patients’ needs in the comfort of their own home and avoid the unnecessary travel associated with hospital appointments. It is possible for a newly qualified nurse to work in the community, although many gain a year’s hospital experience first. In all contexts, nurses need to establish a good relationship with the patient and their relatives. Day-to-day pressures and duties will depend on your role, but typical work activities can include:
writing patient care plans;
implementing plans through tasks such as preparing patients for operations, wound treatment and monitoring pulse, blood pressure and temperature; ...
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