A stirred-up state of hopelessness that results when a person is prevented from reaching a particular goal to which he has aspired or prevented from satisfying his physiological needs •
The condition of being thwarted(prevented) in the satisfaction of a motive
Sources of frustration
Physiological problems- more or less are our basic needs such as food, water, shelter etc. •
Environmental problems-problems set by culture in which man lives •
Psychological problems-internal problems are most difficult to resolve as they are within the inner feelings of a person •
The organism itself- physical handicaps and personal limitations can obstruct one’s goals
Is the simultaneous presence of opposing or mutually exclusive impulses, desires, or tendencies. Three basic patterns:
Conflicting attraction- may cause frustration if a person is attracted to two things but can have only one. –
Attraction-repulsion- may cause frustration if a person cannot decide on something he likes to do because it is closely associated with something he dislikes –
Conflicting-avoidance- may cause frustration if a person has to choose between two things which he dislikes.
Types of defense reaction
Displacement- it is taking our impulses on less threatening target Forms of displacement
Scapegoating - is a form of hostility expressed against a person or an object other than the original source of frustration. –
Free-floating- hostility becomes generalized so that it is directed at almost anything or anybody. –
Suicide- hostility is directed toward the self.
B. Withdrawal reactions
Fantasy- it is a temporary escape or retreat from the difficulties of real life into a world of fantasy where one’s desire can be fulfilled in imagination. •
Identification- the individual enhances his feeling of importance by imitating or acquiring the characteristics of a person whom he admires. •
Repression- it is a process of pushing...
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