The major topic of this experiment was to examine two different crosses between Drosophila fruit flies and to determine how many flies of each phenotype were produced. Phenotype refers to an individual's appearance, where as genotype refers to an individual's genes. The basic law of genetics that was examined in this lab was formulated by a man often times called the "father of genetics," Gregor Mendel. He determined that individuals have two alternate forms of a gene, referred to as two alleles. An individual can me homozygous dominant (two dominant alleles, AA), homozygous recessive, (two recessive alleles, aa), or heterozygous (one dominant and one recessive allele, Aa). There were tow particular crosses that took place in this experiment. The first cross-performed was Ebony Bodies versus Vestigle Wings, where Long wings are dominant over short wings and normal bodies are dominant over black bodies. The other cross that was performed was White versus Wild where red eyes in fruit flies are dominant over white eyes.
The purpose of the first experiment, Ebony vs. Vestigle was to see how many of the offspring had normal bodies and normal wings, normal bodies and vestigle wings, ebony bodies and normal wings, and ebony body and vestigle wings. The purpose of the second experiment White vs. Wild was to see how many of the offspring were red eyed male, white eyed male, red eyed female, and white eyed female. Methods and Materials
In the first week of this particular experiment two vials were prepared both containing instant medium and dry yeast. One was labeled ebony vs. vestigle and the other labeled white vs. wild. Heterozygous flies were placed in the ebony vs. vestigle vial, and flies with a genotype of XwXw (x) XwY were crossed in the white vs. wild. The second week of the experiment the heterozygous flies were removed from the vial before their offspring pupate. The same was done with the ebony vs. vestigle the...