In the time period between 1775 and 1830, African Americans start to gain more freedom in the North while the institution of slavery expanded in the South. These changes occurred due to the existence of different point of views. The North did not need slavery and acknowledge the cons of slavery while the South’s want for slavery quickly became a need.
After the American Revolution, The North slowly started to rid itself of slavery while the South implemented slavery into their daily lives. Slaves existed right from the start of American history and during the American Revolution. The British used the African American slaves to their advantage by granting them freedom in return. In Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation of 1775, he stated that slaves who fought with the British would gain freedom and those who do not help the British were considered traitors (Doc A). Though this did assist with the increase the amount of freed slaves in America, it did not get rid of it in the least. The need for slavery in the South was mainly due to the production of cotton. Slaves were needed to grow and pick the cotton every day along with other crops such as tobacco and rice. On April 1793, the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. This invention allowed for the automated separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber. Before, slaves had to do the work by hand. Though one may think the cotton gin would decrease the amount of slaves, it actually increased. In the North, slaves were not needed because they did not have enormous plantations like the ones in the South. It mainly consisted of small businesses and industry. By the end of 1830, the amount of slavery in the North decreased 0-10% while areas in the South had 50% or more (Doc C). The North was based on capitalism and industrializing at a slow but steady pace. Entrepreneurs profited during this time and the North was also based on a free labor system. It was better to pay workers in factories less rather than...
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