From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American

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Not before a few decades before, black people were not treated the same as white people, in the south, black people couldn’t take the same seat as white people, they couldn’t vote, and even though they weren’t slaves, black people were paid worse than white people. There was an incident, where workers were sent home because of bad weather, and the black workers were only paid for the hours they worked, however the white workers were paid for the whole day. This event led to a protest, which was led by a man, named Martin Luther King Junior. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on 1929, January 15, in Atlanta, Georgia. As a Baptist minister, he became a civil right activist early in his career. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, and helped organized the March to Washington where he delivered the speech “I Have a Dream”. In 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequity through nonviolence. King was assassinated in April 4, 1968; his death was followed by riots in many cities.

The Montgomery bus boycott is one of the most famous protests MLK Jr. led. In 1955, Rosa Parks, an African American women refused to surrender her seat to a white person and was subsequently arrested. The same night, a boycott started, asking for black people to not take the bus, since three-fourths of the riders were black. As pressure increased nationally, the related civil suit was ruled that Alabama’s racial segregation laws for buses were unconstitutional, and a court order to desegregate the busses were sent.

In 1963, he led the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom; it was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in US history. It called for civil and economical rights for African Americans. It took place at D.C. on August 28. MLK Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream Speech”. The participants were estimated to be about 250 thousand and about 75% were black, and others were mostly white....
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