From "Rp" to "Estuary English"

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  • Topic: English language, Received Pronunciation, English language in England
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  • Published : May 12, 2013
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From "RP" to "Estuary English":
The concept 'received' and the debate about British pronunciation standards

Hamburg 1998

Author: Gudrun Parsons Beckstrasse 8 D-20357 Hamburg e-mail: Parsons@public.uni-hamburg.de

Table of Contents
Foreword ................................................................................................. i List of Abbreviations ............................................................................... ii 0. 1. Introduction ....................................................................................1 Received Pronunciation .................................................................5 1.1. The History of 'RP' ..................................................................5 1.2. The History of RP....................................................................9 1.3. Descriptions of RP ...............................................................14 1.4. Summary...............................................................................17 2. Change and Variation in RP.............................................................18 2.1. The Vowel System ................................................................18 2.1.1. Diphthongisation of Long Vowels ..................................18 2.1.2. Fronting of /!/ and Lowering of /"/................................21 2.2. The Consonant System ........................................................23 2.2.1. The Glottal Stop.............................................................23 2.2.2. Vocalisation of [#]...........................................................26 2.2.3. Realisation of /r/.............................................................27 2.3. Other Phenomena ................................................................29 2.3.1. Yod Coalescence...........................................................29 2.3.2. Unrounding of /!"...........................................................30 2.4. Speech Dynamics .................................................................31 2.4.1. Word-Stress...................................................................33 2.5. Estuary English (EE).............................................................36 2.5.1. The Role of Cockney .....................................................40 2.6. Articulatory Basis and Voice Quality .....................................41 2.6.1. Voice Quality..................................................................44

2.6.2. The Principle of Lenition ................................................45 2.6.3. Implications for the Description of RP............................47 2.7. Summary..............................................................................50 3. The Question of Standard ...............................................................51 3.1. What RP Is Not: Phoneticians' Disclaimers .........................52 3.2. An Artificial Standard: BBC English ......................................54 3.2.1. The Advisory Committee on Spoken English ................55 3.2.2. Feedback: BBC English as RP ......................................56 3.3. Consensus eruditorum?........................................................59 3.4. Reprise: What is EE?............................................................60 3.4.1. Feedback: EE as RP .....................................................62 3.4.2. Corrective Propaganda: RP vs. EE................................64 3.5. English in the Former Colonies .............................................66 3.6. English as a Foreign Language ............................................69 3.7. The Aesthetic Aspect ............................................................71 3.8. Summary...............................................................................72 4. Accent as a Personality and Social Marker ...................................74 4.1. Information Gained from Voices ...........................................74 4.3. Accent and...
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