Frog Atlas

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MACROSCOPIC ANATOMY

r--------

Snout

- - - - - External naris Brows pot Upper eyelid Nictitating membrane ~)f~~~~=:::::::::::::=;E;::: Lower eyelid • Digits of Fingers ..J.---"'1~-:S:r-- Tympanic membrane Carpus or wrist ........ ,~........... ~'l.ldOr--- Forearm

Upper arm

r - - - - - - Median dorsal line
. . . - - - - - - Hump

(~\ fl Cf\ TID~~

~N.ir--------

Anus

WJirfi1il m i T - - - - Thigh

~l-~b~l,~lu,'1: 'v~Arftb~t.n4 C\ q ~ ·, -A IV"\ \ID ,- G\

t>h~·\L\W\ ·• (M()n:\Wq

.

Olrcl-tv- ·. A\ l-\y-r;\

F ctf,,,b·· Ru'\idc\tr - - - - Shank G(Jil'S. ·. 1\91 t1 C\ ~pt. d \:~ '. v lll,.g~.rt\

,W\).tJf!.

...~.~~

oF.~::--- Prehallux - !"V,A(lu:\il:l ~ f\ c\Ji:h\~.!:,;:::>-- Digits of toes J Web

- · Tarsus or ankle _

. ,..

:" M·)v

EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF THE FROG

~--------Darkly
are~

pigmented of the skin

SwoJ._J.. en

thumb

A MALE FROG
Ventral view

Diffused skin pigmentation

•-~~--Thumb

not swollen

A FEMALE FROG
Ventral view

Met atarsals Astragalus]Tarsals Calcaneum

Ischium

SKELETAL SYSTEM
Dorsal View

Transverse process Neural spine Postzygapophysis 2nd to 8th vertebrae (Typical vertebrae)

Sacral vertebra
(9th vertebra)

VERTEBRAL COLUMN
Dorsal view

ISOLATED VERTEBRAE
Neural spine Neural arch Postzygapophysis Neural canal Concavity for articulation with occipital condyle Centrun ATLAS
Antero-dorsal view

.--------Neural spine
~-----Postzygapophysis

Transverse process
~~~~-------Prezygapophysis

.....__ _ _ Neural canal
~~-------Centrum

TYPICAL VETEBRA
Antero-dorsal view

centrum
SACRAL VERTEBRA
Postern-dorsal view

Neural canal of the lOth

Concavities for articulation lvi th sacral vertebra
UROSTYLE
Antero-latera! view

Exoccipital Occipital condyle

SKULL
Dorsal view

~------------Premaxillae

orbit

SKULL
Ventral view

LOWER JAW
Dorsal view

Anterior cornu Alary process
Body

Posterior cor-nu Thyroid process

HYOID APPARATUS
Ventral view

---------------------- Episternum
Clavicle

Omosternum

Scapula
Suprascapula

Glenoid fossa.

r-------.::..:::
PECTORAL GIRDLE
Dorsal view

Fenestra coracoid Epicoracoid Mesosternum Xiphistermn

PELVIC GIRDLE, 1/2 (INNOMINATE BONE)
Lateral view

Head Deltoid
ridge/'~·

Condyle Radio-ulna Longitudinal groove Centrale Ordinary carpals Metacarpals Radiale Ulnare -"""'o'!;I'J

!l:i(tl.==- Phalanges

FOREUMB, R1ght
Lataral Vtt1111

Tibio-fibula

~-

Calcaneum or fib111are Astragalus or tibiale

~--~-AA~..,.,'Hf--

Ordinary tarsals
Calcar

Metatarsals

'~~~~~~Phalanges

HINDLIMB, RIGHT
Ventral view

~~~------~-rr-----Temporalis
~~:.------nm-;.;y--- Depressor

mandibula

~~~~~~~~~~~~==Dorsal1s scapula ~ ~rj;;,r--Cucullaris
~\~~?//

IH/IJ/II~r-...;::~=------- External

Latissimus dorsi oblique m.mmr------------Longiss imus dorsi llfi~~-----------Ilio-lumbaris

~~~~~----------Coccygeo-sacralis

~~~~i---==========Coccygeo-iliacus ~ femoris anticus
m~~~~wBwm~~-----------Gluteus :f'(U~~~ ~::m.::rn.------------ Vastus externus

\~---------Triceps

n~~~~---

femoris Semimembranosus

Gracilis minor

J:..!!.-.!.----

fi--------Tibialis anticus Tendon of Achilles

MUSCULAR SYSTEM
Dorsal view

Suanentalis

is

0tC r.:.(·s

cutaneous~~~~tfl\1
pectoralis

Scapulo-humeralis or deltoid s epicoracofaaa-- (Anterior pectoralis) --'"----Pectoralis sternalis AU~--------PeCtoralis ~is

(Posterior pectoralis) Linea alba----~~~~\1:~~~------~Rectus abdominis Inscriptiones tendinae

tt,_,ie;r

vn:;b£~ .·~~i" n;(~~ ~.(.i d
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