III. HISTORY OF ULTIMATE FRISBEE
a.) Invention of the flying disc
b.) Invention of disc sports
IV. INVENTION OF ULTIMATE FRISBEE
V. PRESENT TIMES OF ULTIMATE FRISBEE
b.) The typical ultimate player
VI. THE FUTURE OF ULTIMATE FRISBEE
VII. TOTAL OBSERVATION
VIII. RECOMMENDATIONS/ SUGGESTIONS
The Game of Ultimate
Ultimate is a team sport played by two teams of seven players on nearly American-Football-sized field with two zones on the opposite ends of the field. The game starts with a throw-off which is similar to a kick-off in American Football. The offense attempts to advance the disc by throwing and catching it, while the pulling team (the team that had the throw-off) covers the offense in either man-to-man or zone defense. A player who catches the disc is allowed up to three steps and must then establish a pivot foot before throwing. There is no running with the disc. A turnover occurs anytime the disc is dropped by an offense player, hits the ground, goes out of bounds, is intercepted or is knocked down away by the defense. A touchdown is scored when the offensive team catches the disc in the opponent endzone. This is worth one point. The defensive team then returns to the opposite side of the field to receive the throw-off. Regulation games are up to 21 points or a certain time limit.
Spirit of the Game
“Spirit of the Game ... is the underlying philosophy of Ultimate.”It is the most important rule in every kind of disc sport. The reason for this is, that the sport is played on a self- officiated basis so there are no referees. All line violation, possession and foul calls are made by the players on the playing field. The background of Spirit of the Game was the problem of the “inventors” of Ultimate to define a foul. The first definition of a foul...