Friendship is a relationship between two people who hold mutual affection for each other. Friendships and acquaintanceship are thought of as spanning across the same continuum. The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. Ancient Greece
Friendship was a topic of moral philosophy in which was greatly discussed by Plato, Aristotle, and Stoics. This was less discussed in the modern era, until the re-emergence of contextualist and feminist approaches to ethics. Openness in friendship was seen as an enlargement of the self; Aristotle wrote, "The excellent person is related to his friend in the same way as he is related to himself, since a friend is another self; and therefore, just as his own being is choiceworthy him, the friend's being is choice-worthy for him in the same or a similar way. " In Ancient Greek, the same word was used for "friend" and "lover". Islamic
In Islamic culture, friendship, also known as companionship or ashab, is taken seriously and numerous important attributes of a worthwhile friend have emerged in Islamic media. These include, for both men ("brothers") and women ("sisters"): The notion of a righteous (or "Saalih") person, who can appropriately delineate between that which is "good" and that which is "evil", has appeared prominently; concordance with the perspectives and knowledge of other Islamic companions is considered to be important; forgiveness regarding mistakes and loyalty between friends is emphasized; and, a "love for the sake of Allah" is considered to be a relationship of the highest significance between two humans. Asia
In Central Asia, male friendships tend to be reserved and respectful in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. Near East-Middle East
It is believed that in some parts of the Near East-Middle East, friendship has been described as more demanding when compared with other cultures; friends are people who respect each other, regardless of shortcomings, and who will make personal sacrifices in order to assist another friend, without considering the experience an imposition. Many Arabian people perceive friendship in serious terms, and will deeply consider personal attributes such as social influence and the nature of a person's character before engaging in such a relationship.
Germans typically have relatively few friends, although friendships that do develop typically last a lifetime, as loyalty is held in high regard, and provide a substantial amount of commitment and support. Germans may appear aloof to people from other countries, as they tend to be cautious and keep their distance when it comes to developing deeper relationships with new people. They draw a strong distinction between their few friends and their many acquaintances, co-workers, neighbors, and others. The development from becoming an acquaintance to a friend can take months or years, if it ever happens. Russia
Many of Russia's culture qualities date back to Soviet times. Times were tough, and many people had to create relationships with people in certain businesses in order to get the things they needed. If you needed to get your child into a hospital, it would be best to know someone in medicine, or working in the hospital. Everyone worked to help one another and make personal connections (Babaeva 2010). Many of these characteristics carry through into the lifestyles of Russian's today but for some different reasoning. The government serves to be very inefficient for its citizens, and there isn't many public services for people either. Citizens in Russia find it much easier to rely on their friends and family whom they trust, then to rely on any company or business. These types of relationships are valued...
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