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L AW, LEGISLATION AND LIBERTY
This is Hayek's major statement of political philosophy. Rejecting Marx, Freud, logical positivism and political egalitarianism, Hayek shows that the naive application of scientific methods to culture and education has been harmful and misleading, creating superstition and error rather than an age of reason and culture. Law, Legislation and Liberty combines all three volumes of

Hayek's comprehensive study on the basic principles of the
political order of a free society. Rules and Order deals with the basic conceptions necessary for a critical analysis of prevailing theories of justice and of conditions which a constitution securing personal liberty would have to satisfy. The Mirage of Social Justice presents a critical analysis of the theories of utilitarianism, legal positivism and 'social justice'. The Political Order of a Free People demonstrates that the democratic ideal is in danger of miscarrying due to confusions of egalitarianism and democracy, erroneous assumptions that there can be moral standards without moral discipline, and that tradition can be ignored in proposals for restructuring society.

F.A. Hayek became both a Doctor of Law and a Doctor of Political Science at the University of Vienna. He was made the first Director of the Austrian Institute of Economic Research and in 1931 was appointed to a chair at the London School of Economics. In 1950 he went to the University of Chicago as Professor of Social and Moral Sciences and then became Professor of Economics at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universitat of Frieburg and Professor Emeritus in 1967. He was also a Fellow of the British Academy and was awarded a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1974. Hayek died in 1992.

L AW, LEGISLATION
AND LIBERTY

A new statement of the liberal principles
of justice and political economy

Volume 1
RULES AND ORDER
Volume 2
THE MIRAGE OF SOCIAL JUSTICE
Volume 3
THE POLITICAL ORDER
OF A FREE PEOPLE

F. A. Hayek

Vol. 1 Rules and Order first published 1973
Vol. 2 The Mirage of Social Justice first published 1976
Vol. 3 The Political Order of a Free People first published 1979 First published in one volume with corrections and revised preface in 1982 by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.
Reprinted 1993, 1998
by Routledge
11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE
© F. A. Hayek 1973, 1976, 1979, 1982

Printed and bound in Great Britain by

T.l. International Ltd, Padstow, Cornwall
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic,
mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information
storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN 0-415-09868-8

C ONTENTS
Volume 1
RULES AND ORDER

xv

CONSOLIDATED PREFACE
INTRODUCTION

8

REASON AND EVOLUTION

Construction and evolution
The tenets of Cartesian rationalism
The permanent limitations of our factual knowledge
Factual knowledge and science
The concurrent evolution of mind and society: the role
of rules
The false dichotomy of 'natural' and 'artificial'
The rise of the evolutionary approach
The persistence of constructivism in current thought
Our anthropomorphic language
Reason and abstraction
Why the extreme forms of constructivist rationalism
regularly lead to a revolt against reason
2

8
9
11
15
17

20
22
24
26
29
31

COSMOS AND TAXIS

35

The concept of order
The two sources of order
The distinguishing properties of spontaneous orders
Spontaneous orders in nature
In society, reliance on spontaneous order both extends and
limits our powers of control
Spontaneous orders result from their elements obeying
certain rules of conduct
The spontaneous order of society is made up...
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