Freud interpreted dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires. Freud called dreams the "royal road to the unconscious", meaning that they illustrate the "logic" of the unconscious mind.
The division consists of three parts: id, ego and super-ego. The id operates on pleasure. He states that the id is childlike and demands instant satisfaction for its urges and desires. During our infancy the id is the most active part of our mind. The ego is rational. It can slip in between our pre-conscious and unconscious. It operates on reality. The ego takes care of the id’s desires as long as circumstances or situations permit it. The super-ego is the moral part of the mind. It imposes the rules. It controls the id through guilt and anxiety. Freud calls the super-ego as the conscience.
2. How different is the dream of children from the dream of adult in Freud’s theory? And why did Freud think that we should study about it?
Sigmund Freud first argued that the motivation of all dream content is wish-fulfillment, and that the instigation of a dream is often to be found in the events of the day preceding the dream, which he called the "day residue." In the case of very young children, Freud claimed, this can be easily seen, as small children dream quite straightforwardly of the fulfillment of wishes that were aroused in them the previous day (the "dream day"). In adults, however, the situation is more complicated—since in Freud's submission, the dreams of adults have been subjected to distortion, with the dream's so-called "manifest content" being a heavily disguised derivative of the "latent" dream-thoughts present in the unconscious. As a result of this distortion and disguise, the dream's real significance is concealed: dreamers are no more capable of recognizing the actual meaning of their dreams than hysterics are able to understand the connection and significance of their neurotic symptoms.
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