Freud/Erikson Theories Comparison
From Birth to Age 1 - Oral Stage is what Freud felt that from was the time that a child’s primary source of pleasure is through the mouth, through sucking, eating and or tasting. Erikson felt that from birth to 1 year is the very crucial time that children will learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers.
1 to 3 years old- Anal Stage according to Freud at this age children learn to control their bladder and bowel movements. Erikson somewhat agreed with this theory but added to his Autonomy vs. Doubt stage which is when like Freud stated children begin to toilet train and become more self sufficient, in addition children will begin talking and eating on their own with this new found independence.
3 to 6 years old – The Phallic Stage is what Freud describes as the libido’s energy being focused on the genitals, and children begin to identify with their parent of the same sex. Initiative vs. Guilt Stage by Erikson states that during this age children will begin to take more control over their environment.
7 to 11 years old- This period is referred to by Freud as the Latent Period, this is when the libido’s energy becomes suppressed, children will in change focus more on school, friends and hobbies. The Industry vs. Inferiority Stage of Erikson’s theory argue that at this stage a child will develop a sense of competence due to learning and later mastering new skills.
Stages of Adolescence- This Genital Stage, Freud felt that during this stage children will begin to explore romantic relationships. Freud stated that this stage lasts throughout adulthood ultimately believing that the main goal is to develop a balance between all areas of their life. Erikson referred to this time as the Identity vs. Role Confusion Stage, he stated that in this particular stage children begin to develop their own identity and begin to have a sense of them selves.
Erikson did not feel as Freud did and argued that...
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