Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development
“Oral to Genital stage, how it affected me as an individual.”
Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is based on erogenous zones which are important stages of development. According to the theory, there are five stages throughout one’s life: Oral phase, anal phase, phallic phase, latency phase, and genital stage. Each stage is involved in particular conflicts that must be resolved before moving on to the next stage of development. All the stages have two things in common: each stage has their own comfort and pleasure source. Freud believes one’s experience during early stages of growth decides their change patterns and personality traits in adulthood. Based on Freud’s theory, study of my own growth and development will show and explain each stage I have been through and resolved each stage before moving onto the next stage. In addition, I am to outline five health promotion strategies to promote better health in myself which are realistic, attainable, and able to provide rationale of how they will help me achieve my goals.
Oral phase begins when one is between births to18months of life. In this stage, infant’s mouth is the source of all comfort and pleasure. Satisfaction is obtained when oral needs are met. Sucking and biting is the center of pleasure for infants by using their mouths. Back in the day when I was still an infant, I used to suck my thumbs. From my parents’ memories, I did not suck thumb much compared to other infants around them. Also, I was not breastfed due to the fact that I hated it. However, I had my pacifier bottle as my replacement.
As I grew, I have moved onto the anal phase which occurs around 18months up to three years old. In this stage, Freud states that the center of pleasure is divided between the mouth and the process of elimination. Toilet training is one of the conflicts for the parents’ demand and child’s biological needs. By resolving this, child gains self-control and independence. As Freud stated, I seldom sucked my thumb. However, I was constantly corrected by my parents not to do so. Also, I was toilet trained when I was about 11months old, earlier than what Freud’s theory would have expected. After I was toilet trained, I was confident about myself to go to washroom at my own will without someone always watching over me. Other events where I was able to do to things my own were to pick clothing for myself. From my mom’s story, I always lined clothes from top to bottom on a bed as if I was a stylist and asked her for approval and acknowledgement. At this stage, I have gained independence and self-control. According to Freud’s psychosexual developmental theory Phallic phase takes place between 3 to 6 years of life. During this stage, Freud explains that child is associated with genital organs and Oedipus and Electra complexes are developed. Also, child is comfortable with undressing and running around naked. When I was in phallic stage, I was told from parents that I did not develop Oedipus complex. However, every time I was changing, I would parade around naked at least once. Since I did not develop Oedipus complex, I did not have any unconscious sexual attraction to my mother and saw my dad as my rival. Reason being I did not develop Oedipus complex is due to the fact that my dad was not around as much because of work. As a result, my mom would take care of me without for me to develop Oedipus complex to have mom take care of me constantly. During my phallic stage, I was not able to resolve my oral stage. When I was in kindergarten, I remember occasionally chewing sides of my pencil due to stress and anxiety, but did not suck my thumb. During 6-12 years of life, latency phase begins. Sexual urges are dormant, quite the opposite from phallic stage. The sexual urges are channelled to “socially acceptable means of expression.”(Elaine Polan & Daphne...