1. Describe Freud's views of personality structure.
his belief that the mind is mostly hidden. Below the surface is this large unconscious region in which unacceptable passions and thoughts lurk. Freud believed we repress, or forcibly block, these unconscious feelings and ideas from awareness because admitting them would be too unsettling.
2. Explain Freud's view of conflict and describe how defense mechanism operant. proposed that the ego distorts reality in an effort to protect itself from anxiety. Defense mechanism achieves this goal by disguising threatening impulses and preventing them from reaching consciousness.
3. Differentiate the following theories of personality: humanistic, trait, and social. Trait is a characteristic pattern of behavior or a tendency to feel and act in a certain way, as assessed by self-reports on a personality test and social-cognitive perspective: views behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons (and their thinking) and their social context.
4.Define all of the defense mechanisms and gave an example.
The 6 defense mechanism are repression: in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness an example is. Regression: psychoanalytic defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to an earlier stage of development an example is a face with a mild stressor on it. Reaction formation: psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, we may express feelings that are the opposite of our anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings an example is when you dislike someone one minute then you like the person. Projection: psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which we disguise our own threatening impulses by attributing them to others. Rationalization: psychoanalytic defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real,...
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