Fresh Fruits Irradiation for Phytosanitary Purposes in Thailand

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Fresh Fruits Irradiation for Phytosanitary Purposes in Thailand using a Multipurpose Irradiation Facility Suwit Tunlayadechanont Synergy Health (Thailand) Ltd. 700/465 Amata Nakorn Industrial Moo 7 Tambol Donhuaroh, Amphur Muang Chonburi, Chonburi 20000 Thailand Keywords: gamma irradiation, phytosanitary treatment, pest management Abstract Thailand reached an agreement with the USA for the commercial irradiationof six types of exotic fresh fruits, mango, mangosteen, longan, rambutan, lychee, and pineapple for the purpose of a phytosanitary treatment under the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pre-Clearance Program for importation into the USA for several years. Synergy Health Thailand (formerly Isotron Thailand) has participated in the program since 2008, and the multipurpose pallet irradiator, which normally processes medical devices and other products, was certified by USDA in early 2008. This irradiator was modified to be able to deliver a minimum dose of 400 Gy, while it is still predominately used for the application of a minimum dose of 25 kGy. The presentation will describe the practicality of commercial processing utilizing a very low dose for the phytosanitary treatment of fresh fruits in Thailand for the Pre-Clearance Program for importation into the USA. The presentation will describe the technical aspects of the irradiator, and how it can be commercially utilized to deliver a wide dose range from 400 Gy to more than 100 kGy in practice. It will also cover the requirements of the relevant authorities, mainly the National Plant Protection Office and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), for the facility certification and re-certification. The relationship between the participants in this program and the operation of the database for the phytosanitary treatment that provides traceability of irradiated fruits will be outlined

INTRODUCTION
Synergy Health delivers a range of specialist outsourced services and products to healthcare providers and other clients concerned with health management. These services and products are aimed at supporting our customers to improve the quality and efficiency of their activities, whilst reducing risks to their patients and clients. Under the Applied Sterilization Technology (AST, formerly Isotron division), Synergy Health is operating 4 versatile technologies (Gamma, Electron Beam, Ion Beam and Ethylene Oxide), the Synergy Health Applied Sterilization Technologies group is able to sterilize, control contamination and support specialist industrial applications for a variety of industries including medical devices and pharmaceuticals, cosmetics/toiletries, semiconductors, and food and fruit irradiation for phytosanitary. Only in Thailand that Synergy Health has offered the gamma irradiation for phytosanitary purpose. In Thailand, there are 2 irradiation facilities that are certified by USDA-APHIS for this purpose. The first irradiation facility that was approved was the Thai Irradiation Center (TIC). This is a government facility. Synergy Health Thailand is the first private facility that was

approved for the program. Synergy Health Thailand has participated in the program since 2008 and the multipurpose pallet irradiator, which normally processes medical devices and other products, was certified by USDA in early 2008. This irradiator was modified to be able to deliver a minimum dose of 400 Gy, while it is still predominately used for the application of a minimum dose of 25 kGy. The key stake holders of the program are • USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) /APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). • NPPO (National Plant Protection Organization of the Country) • Cooperator • Exporters, Packers • Irradiation Facilities • Producers The majority of the fruits that were in the program and successfully export with commercial routine volume are longan and mangosteen. Only longon can be exported via sea shipment which help driven the...
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