French Social Classes in the Revolution.

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French Social Classes in the Revolution & Empire: 1799-1815

|Social Class |The “Age of Montesquieu” |The “Age of Rousseau” |The “Age of Voltaire” |Post-Napoleon | | |(Constitutional Monarchy) |(Republic) |(Enlightened Despotism?) | | | |1789-1792 | |1799-1815 | | | | |1792-1799 | | | |Monarchy |Power no longer absolute: |King and queen executed |Napoleon became emperor with |Constitutional Monarchy | | |Constitutional monarchy |Republic had no monarch |absolute power |under restored Bourbons | |Clergy |Civil Constitution of the |Revolutionary Calendar replaced|Concordat of 1801 restored |Church never did regain | | |Clergy made Church a dep’t of |the Christian calendar |relations with the Catholic |the influence it had prior| | |the gov’t |The Cult of the Supreme Being |Church |to 1789 | | |Clergy members required to take|further undermined the Catholic|“Refactory clergy” reinstated| | | |an oath to the gov’t |Church |while clergy loyal to the | | | |Church lands confiscated | |Revolution were removed | | | | | |Church was far weaker than in| | | | |...
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