history of the world. These revolutions have changed the politics, history, and
all other facets of civilization of certain groups. Most revolutions follow a
basic set formula of events: a leader is overthrown, radical and extremist
groups take control for a period of time, and then the government is
eventually restored to it's original state. Both the English and French
Revolutions followed this basic formula with various differences along the
way. The English Revolution which took place in the seventeenth century,
and the French Revolution, which took place in the late eighteenth century to
early nineteenth century, both share many similarities and differences with
One similarity of both revolutions was the causes: financial problems.
Both King Charles I and Louis XVI were experiencing debt because of
financial problems left behind from previous monarchs. Both kings placed the
extreme tax burdens on the already poor peasants which further angered and
oppressed them. Both kings had to summon on Parliament and the Estates
General to raise revenue. Both monarchs attempted to use force to maintain
their power but eventually lost to the liberal people who wanted a reformed
government. The extremist period of both the English and French Revolutions
consisted of a semi-dictator; Cromwell in England and Robespierre in France,
who set up a totalitarian military state. Lastly, both the English and French
had to carry out two attempts at establishing a constitutional monarchy in
order to finally have a stable, lasting government.
In both the English and French Revolutions the monarch was the
establishment being revolted against. In the English revolution it was more of
the Parliament rebelling against the monarchy whereas in the French
Revolution the peasants were the strongest and most motivated factors for
change. In both revolutions the legislative body... [continues]
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