French Decolonization: Conflict in Algeria

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Vytautas Burianchellos University, Faculty of Political Science and Diplomacy, Studies of Colonialism and Post-Colonionalism

French decolonization: Conflict in Algeria

Burianchello

Content:
Introduction.........................................................................................................3

The emergence of the French colonies...............................................................3 The emergence of the French colonies in the territory of Algeria......................4

The system of colonial rule in Algeria..............................................................4-6

Termination of the French colony of Algeria....................................................6-7

The beginnings of Algerians fighting for independence....................................7

Conclusion........................................................................................................7-8

Introduction

In entire French history, France almost enjoyed great influence on what is happening in Europe and in the world.It was due to big colonial territory France could dispose with. There was period when the competing for influence with the Great Britain was very successful. It supported not only its political power, but colonialism had a considerable impact on the economic situation of the country. Algeria had a very important position in this system, which could be caused by a large number of Frenchmen who lived in the area. To understand why there have been so much violence during decolonization, that grew up in war; we must also look to the position of Algeria in colonial domination of France, because here you can find many causes of Algerian conflict.[1]

The emergence of the French colonies

As the beginning of French colonial endeavors can be count the development of voyages of discovery. The first goal of French colonizators was North America and then Asia. At that time,Africa was hardly reachable, as it was the territory of the Ottoman Empire. The chance to control the region occurred in the 18th and 19 century, when the Ottoman Empire became a "sick man on the Bosphorus."[2] After the French Revolution and the advent of Napoleon Bonaparte to the position of consul, attention of foreign policy has been focused on the possible colonial expansion to the north Africa. The Egypt became the main objective of French colonizators. French Foreign Minister Talleyrand asked for its incorporation under French influence. "It was obvious that the point was to re-open the way to India and to the allies Tipu Sultan, who in 1784 became Maisuriem ruler. " However, France failed to get Egypt under its domination. Large ally of France, which was the United Kingdom, became the one who controled more or less control Egypt. United kingdom had not absolute control over it because the country still maintained largely independent government [3] France issued in Africa to the west. Trying to control west territory of the Egypt. The reason for this was mainly the fact that, in this area, they discovered massive deposits of gold and diamonds. That is why in this area France had competed with other European countries. Again, they competed with the British, in addition, they were still pushing the Portuguese, Germans and partly Spanish.

The emergence of the French colonies in the territory of Algeria

Practically the biggest breakthrough in the creation of French colonial rule in Algeria became a convert under the administration of France. This area was for few hundred years the territory of the Ottoman Empire, but at the turn of the 18th and 19th century began to show its decline and slowly became this "sick man on the Bosphorus.[4]

Already in the late 18th century France realized that this weakness of the Ottoman Empire could be obtained under its administration of Algeria, which had strategic potential, mainly due to its mineral resources. Desire for Algeria was also...
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